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City Council Meeting March 26th 2012

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City Council Meeting March 26th 2012




OFFICE OF THE CITY CLERK
SCHENECTADY, NEW YORK
AGENDA FOR
THE COUNCIL CAUCUS
AND
THE CITY COUNCIL MEETING
March 26, 2012
Room 209
7:00 P.M.
(PUBLIC HEARING)
Regarding an Ordinance amending
the Land Bank Chapter 72 of the
Code of the City of Schenectady.
(FINAL CONSIDERATION)
A LOCAL LAW Amending Chapter
48 of the Code of the City of
Schenectady in its Entirety.
1. By Councilmember
4 Votes
A RESOLUTION Authorizing the
City Council to Adopt a Bond
Ordinance.
2. By Councilmember
4 Votes
(ORIGINAL CONSIDERATION)
A RESOLUTION Adopting a
SEQRA Resolution in Relation to the
Reconstruction of Stormwater and
Wastewater Infrastructure in the City
of Schenectady.
3. By Councilmember
4 Votes
-2-
A RESOLUTION making Board
appointments and authorizing the
Mayor to enter agreements
necessary for creation of Land
Reutilization Corporation of the
Capital Region
4. By Councilmember
4 Votes
A RESOLUTION Authorizing
the City of Schenectady to Enter
into an Agreement with Capital
District Community Gardens for
the Development and
Management of a Community
Garden in Steinmetz Park.
5. By Councilmember
4 Votes
A RESOLUTION Approving the
2012 Operating Agreement for the
Front Street Pool.
6. By Councilmember
4 Votes
A RESOLUTION Approving the
2012 Operating Agreement for the
Quackenbush Pool.
7. By Councilmember
4 Votes
A RESOLUTION Authorizing
the City of Schenectady to
Participate in the Proposed Capital
Region Procurement Collaboration
Project.
8. By Councilmember
4 Votes
-3-
A RESOLUTION Authorizing
the City of Schenectady to Enter
into a Contract with Montgomery
County Society for the Prevention
of Cruelty to Animals, Inc., to
Provide Municipal Shelter
Services for the Confinement of
Dogs Seized within the City of
Schenectady.
9. By Councilmember
4 Votes
A RESOLUTION Authorizing
the Settlement of a Tax Certiorari
Concerning 1524 Crane Street.
10. By Councilmember
4 Votes
A RESOLUTION Authorizing
the Settlement of a Tax Certiorari
Concerning 1866 Hamburg Street.
11. By Councilmember
4 Votes
A RESOLUTION Designating
the Month of March as Women’s
History Month in the City of
Schenectady.
12. By Councilmember
4 Votes
AN ORDINANCE Amending
Chapter 72 Regarding the Land
Reutilization Corporation of the
Capital Region.
12A. By Councilmember
4 Votes
CITY COUNCIL
SCHENECTADY, NEW YORK
LOCAL LAW N0. _____________________
Council member _________________ offered the following:
A Local Law Amending Chapter 48 of the Code of the
City of Schenectady in its Entirety.
WHEREAS, Article 18 of the General Municipal Law, prohibits the officers and
employees of a municipality from having certain conflicts of interest; and
WHEREAS, Section 806 of the General Municipal Law requires the governing
body of each county, city (other than the City of New York), town, village, school district
and fire district to adopt a code of ethics that sets forth for the guidance of its officers and
employees standards of conduct reasonably expected of them; and
WHEREAS, a code of ethics adopted by the governing body of a municipality
must set forth standards of conduct for the guidance of the officers and employees of the
municipality with respect to disclosure of interests in legislation before the local
governing body, holding of investments in conflict with official duties, private
employment in conflict with official duties, future employment, and such other standards
as may be deemed advisable;
WHEREAS, Section 811 of the General Municipal Law grants the governing
body of a municipality the rights and powers necessary to enforce the financial disclosure
duty which is imposed on municipal officers/employees and local elected officials;
NOW, THEREFORE BE IT ENACTED that Chapter 48 of the Code of the
City is amended in its entirety to read and provide as follows:
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CHAPTER 48
A. CODE OF ETHICS
§ 48 -1. Purpose.
Officers and employees of the City of Schenectady hold their positions to serve and
benefit the public, and not for obtaining unwarranted personal or private gain in the
exercise and performance of their official powers and duties. The City Council
recognizes that, in furtherance of this fundamental principle, there is a need for clear and
reasonable standards of ethical conduct. This code of ethics establishes those standards.
This code of ethics also regulates the completion and filing of annual statements of
financial disclosure by municipal officers, employees and elected officials.
§ 48 - 2. Definitions.
(a) “Board” means the governing board of a municipality and any municipal
administrative board (e.g. planning board), commission, or other agency or body
comprised of two or more municipal officers or employees.
(b) “Code” means this code of ethics.
(c) “Interest” means a direct or indirect financial or material benefit, but does not include
any benefit arising from the provision or receipt of any services generally available to the
residents or taxpayers of the municipality or an area of the municipality, or a lawful class
of such residents or taxpayers. A municipal officer or employee is deemed to have an
interest in any private organization when he or she, his or her spouse, or a member of his
or her household, is an owner, partner, member, director, officer, employee, or directly or
indirectly owns or controls more than 5% of the organization’s outstanding stock.
(d) “Municipality” means City of Schenectady. The word “municipal” refers to the
municipality.
(e) “Municipal officer or employee” means a paid or unpaid officer or employee of the
City of Schenectady, including, but not limited to, the members of any municipal board.
(f) “Relative” means a spouse, parent, step-parent, sibling, step-sibling, sibling’s spouse,
child, step-child, uncle, aunt, nephew, niece, first cousin, or household member of a
municipal officer or employee, and individuals having any of these relationships to the
spouse of the officer or employee.
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§ 48 - 3. Applicability.
This code of ethics applies to the officers and employees of the City of Schenectady, and
shall supersede any prior municipal code of ethics. The provisions of this code of ethics
shall apply in addition to all applicable State and local laws relating to conflicts of
interest and ethics including, but not limited to, Article 18 of the General Municipal Law
and all rules, regulations, policies and procedures of the City of Schenectady.
§ 48 - 4. Prohibition on use of municipal position for personal or private gain.
No municipal officer or employee shall use his or her municipal position or official
powers and duties to secure a financial or material benefit for himself or herself, a
relative, or any private organization in which he or she is deemed to have an interest.
§ 48 - 5. Disclosure of interest in legislation, contracts and other matters.
(a) Any municipal officer or employee (or spouse of such municipal officer or employee)
who has, will have, or later acquires an interest in any actual or proposed contract,
purchase agreement, lease agreement or other agreement, including oral agreements, with
the municipality of which he/she is an officer or employee shall disclose in writing the
nature and extent of such interest.
(b) Whenever a matter requiring the exercise of discretion comes before a municipal
officer or employee, either individually or as a member of a board, and the disposition of
the matter could result in a direct or indirect financial or material benefit to himself or
herself, a relative, or any private organization in which he or she is deemed to have an
interest, the municipal officer or employee shall disclose in writing the nature of the
interest.
(c) The disclosure shall be made when the matter requiring disclosure first comes before
the municipal officer or employee, or when the municipal officer or employee first
acquires knowledge of the interest requiring disclosure, whichever is earlier.
(d) In the case of a person serving in an elective office, the disclosure shall be filed with
the City Clerk, who shall be the Clerk of the Ethics Board. In all other cases, the
disclosure shall be filed with the person’s supervisor or, if the person does not have a
supervisor, the disclosure shall be filed with the municipal officer, employee or board
having the power to appoint to the person’s position. In the case of a person serving on a
municipal board, a copy of the disclosure shall be filed with the board. Any disclosure
made to a board shall be made publicly at a meeting of the board and must be included in
the minutes of the meeting.
§ 48 - 6. Recusal and abstention.
(a) No municipal officer or employee may participate in any decision or take any official
action with respect to any matter requiring the exercise of discretion, including discussing
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the matter and voting on it, when he or she knows or has reason to know that the action
could confer a direct or indirect financial or material benefit on himself or herself, a
relative, or any private organization in which he or she is deemed to have an interest.
(b) In the event that this section prohibits a municipal officer or employee from
exercising or performing a power or duty:
(1) if the power or duty is vested in a municipal officer as a member of a board,
then the power or duty shall be exercised or performed by the other members of the
board; or
(2) if the power or duty is vested in a municipal officer individually, then the
power or duty shall be exercised or performed by his or her deputy or, if the officer does
not have a deputy, the power or duty shall be performed by another person to whom the
officer may lawfully delegate the function.
(3) if the power or duty is vested in a municipal employee, he or she must refer
the matter to his or her immediate supervisor, and the immediate supervisor shall
designate another person to exercise or perform the power or duty.
§ 48 - 7. Disclosure, recusal and abstention not required.
(a) This code’s disclosure, recusal and abstention requirements, shall not apply with
respect to the following matters:
(1) adoption of the municipality’s annual budget;
(2) any matter requiring the exercise of discretion that directly affects (i) all
municipal officers or employees, (ii) all residents or taxpayers of the municipality or an
area of the municipality; or (iii) the general public;
(b) Recusal and abstention shall not be required with respect to any matter:
(1) which comes before a board when a majority of the board’s total membership
would otherwise be prohibited from acting;
(2) which comes before a municipal officer when the officer would be prohibited
from acting, and the matter cannot be lawfully delegated to another person.
§ 48 - 8. Investments in conflict with official duties.
(a) No municipal officer or employee may acquire the following investments:
(1) investments that can be reasonably expected to require more than sporadic
recusal and abstention; or
(2) investments that would otherwise impair the person’s independence of
judgment in the exercise or performance of his or her official powers and duties.
(b) This section does not prohibit a municipal officer or employee from acquiring any
other investments or the following assets:
(1) real property located within the municipality and used as his or her personal
residence;
(2) less than five percent of the stock of a publicly traded corporation; or
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(3) bonds or notes issued by the municipality and acquired more than one year
after the date on which the bonds or notes were originally issued.
§ 48 - 9. Private employment in conflict with official duties.
No municipal officer or employee, during his or her tenure as a municipal officer or
employee, may engage in any private employment, including the rendition of any
business, commercial, professional or other types of services, when the employment:
(a) can be reasonably expected to require more than sporadic recusal and
abstention;
(b) can be reasonably expected to require disclosure or use of confidential
information gained by reason of serving as a municipal officer or employee;
(c) would require representation of a person or organization other than the
municipality in connection with litigation, negotiations or any other matter to which the
municipality is a party;
(d) would result in any other violation of Article 18 of the General Municipal Law
not herein enumerated.
§ 48 - 10. Future employment.
(a) No municipal officer or employee may ask for, pursue or accept a private postgovernment
employment opportunity with any person or organization that has a matter
requiring the exercise of discretion pending before the municipal officer or employee,
either individually or as a member of a board, while the matter is pending or within the
thirty (30) days following final disposition of the matter.
(b) No municipal officer or employee, for the two-year period after serving as a
municipal officer or employee, may represent or render services to a private person or
organization in connection with any matter involving the exercise of discretion before the
municipal office, board, department or comparable organizational unit for which he or
she serves.
(c) No municipal officer or employee, at any time after serving as a municipal officer or
employee, may represent or render services to a private person or organization in
connection with any particular transaction in which he or she personally and substantially
participated while serving as a municipal officer or employee.
§ 48 - 11. Personal representations and claims permitted.
This code shall not be construed as prohibiting a municipal officer or employee from:
(a) representing himself or herself, or his or her spouse or minor children before
the municipality; or
(b) asserting a claim against the municipality on his or her own behalf, or on
behalf of his or her spouse or minor children and dependents.
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§ 48 - 12. Use of municipal resources.
(a) Municipal resources shall be used for lawful municipal purposes. Municipal resources
include, but are not limited to, municipal personnel, and the municipality’s money,
vehicles, equipment, materials, supplies or other property.
(b) No municipal officer or employee may use or permit the use of municipal resources
for personal or private purposes. This provision shall not be construed as prohibiting:
(1) any use of municipal resources authorized by law or municipal policy;
(2) the use of municipal resources for personal or private purposes when provided
to a municipal officer or employee as part of his or her compensation; or
(3) the occasional and incidental use during the business day of municipal
telephones and computers for necessary personal matters such as family care and changes
in work schedule.
(c) No municipal officer or employee shall cause the municipality to spend more than is
reasonably necessary for transportation, meals or lodging in connection with official
travel.
§ 48 - 13. Interests in Contracts.
No municipal officer or employee may have an interest in a contract that is prohibited by
Section 801 of the General Municipal Law.
§ 48 - 14. Nepotism.
Except as otherwise required by law:
(a) No municipal officer or employee, either individually or as a member of a board, may
participate in any decision specifically to appoint, hire, promote, discipline or discharge a
relative for any position at, for or within the municipality or a municipal board.
(b) No municipal officer or employee may supervise a relative in the performance of the
relative’s official powers or duties.
§ 48 - 15. Political Solicitations.
(a) No municipal officer or employee shall directly or indirectly compel or induce a
subordinate municipal officer or employee to make, or promise to make, any political
contribution, whether by gift of money, service or other thing of value.
(b) No municipal officer or employee may act or decline to act in relation to appointing,
hiring or promoting, discharging, disciplining, or in any manner changing the official
rank, status or compensation of any municipal officer or employee, or an applicant for a
position as a municipal officer or employee, on the basis of the giving or withholding or
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neglecting to make any contribution of money or service or any other valuable thing for
any political purpose.
§ 48 - 16. Confidential Information.
No municipal officer or employee who acquires confidential information in the course of
exercising or performing his or her official powers or duties may disclose or use such
information unless the disclosure or use is required by law or in the course of exercising
or performing his or her official powers and duties.
§ 48 - 17. Gifts.
(A) No municipal officer or employee shall directly or indirectly solicit, accept or receive
a gift in violation of section 805-a(1)(a) of the General Municipal Law. No municipal
officer or employee may accept or receive any gift, or multiple gifts from the same donor,
having an annual aggregate value of seventy-five dollars or more when:
(1) the gift reasonably appears to be intended to influence the officer or employee
in the exercise or performance of his or her official powers or duties;
(2) the gift could reasonably be expected to influence the officer or employee in
the exercise or performance of his or her official powers or duties; or
(3) the gift is intended as a reward for any official action on the part of the officer
or employee.
(B) For purposes of this section, a “gift” includes anything of value, whether in the form
of money, service, loan, travel, entertainment, hospitality, thing or promise, or in any
other form. The value of a gift is the gift’s fair market value, determined by the retail
cost of the item or a comparable item. The fair market value of a ticket entitling the
holder to food, refreshments, entertainment, or any other benefit is the face value of the
ticket, or the actual cost to the donor, whichever is greater. Determination of whether
multiple gifts from a single donor exceed seventy-five dollars must be made by adding
together the value of all gifts received from the donor by an officer or employee during
the twelve-month period preceding the receipt of the most recent gift.
(C) A gift to a municipal officer or employee is presumed to be intended to influence the
exercise or performance of his or her official powers or duties when the gift is from a
private person or organization that seeks municipal action involving the exercise of
discretion by or with the participation of the officer or employee.
(D) A gift to a municipal officer or employee is presumed to be intended as a reward for
official action when the gift is from a private person or organization that has obtained
municipal action involving the exercise of discretion by or with the participation of the
officer or employee during the preceding twelve months.
(E) This section does not prohibit any other gift, including:
(1) gifts made to the municipality;
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(2) gifts from a person with a family or personal relationship with the officer or
employee when the circumstances make it clear that the personal relationship, rather than
the recipient's status as a municipal officer or employee, is the primary motivating factor
for the gift;
(3) gifts given on special occasions, such as marriage, illness, or retirement, which
are modest, reasonable and customary;
(4) unsolicited advertising or promotional material of little intrinsic value, such as
pens, pencils, note pads, and calendars;
(5) awards and plaques having a value of seventy-five dollars or less which are
publicly presented in recognition of service as a municipal officer or employee, or other
service to the community; or
(6) meals and refreshments provided when a municipal officer or employee is a
speaker or participant at a job-related professional or educational conference or program
and the meals and refreshments are made available to all participants.
§ 48 - 18. Board of Ethics.
(A) There is hereby established a board of ethics for the City of Schenectady. The Board
shall be composed of five (5) members.
a. Members shall be appointed by the Mayor, subject to confirmation by the City
Council. If the Mayor shall fail to appoint the members within thirty (30) days after the
establishment of the Board of Ethics or within thirty (30) days after a vacancy occurs on
the Board of Ethics, the City Council shall appoint such member or members, as the case
may be.
b. The members of the Board of Ethics shall serve five-year staggered terms of
office, one such term expiring each year. In the event that a vacancy occurs prior to the
expiration of the five-year term, such vacancy shall be filled for the balance of such term
in the same manner as members are appointed to full terms.
c. At least one member of the Board shall be an officer or employee of the City of
Schenectady, but a majority of the Board may not consist of officers or employees of the
City.
d. All members shall reside within the City of Schenectady.
e. No member shall be compensated for his/her Board-related activities.
f. The members shall elect a Chairperson from among themselves and such other
officers as may be deemed necessary from time to time.
(B) A Board of Ethics member may be removed by the Mayor with the approving
consent of not less than five members of the City Council after a finding of substantial
neglect of duty, gross misconduct in office, inability to discharge the powers or duties of
the office or violation of this chapter after written notice of the charges and an
opportunity for reply.
(C) The City Clerk shall be the Clerk of the Board of Ethics, and all documents filed
with the City Clerk shall be deemed, for the purposes of this chapter, to be filings with
the Board of Ethics.
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(D) The Board of Ethics shall have all the powers and duties as prescribed by Article 18
of the General Municipal Law. The Board of Ethics may adopt and amend such rules or
procedures as are appropriate.
(E) The board of ethics shall render advisory opinions to the officers and employees of
the City of Schenectady with respect to Article 18 of the General Municipal Law and this
code. Such advisory opinions must be rendered pursuant to the written request of any
such officer or employee under such rules and regulations as the board of ethics may
prescribe. The board of ethics shall have the advice of legal counsel employed by the
board, or if none, the municipality’s legal counsel. In addition, the board of ethics may
make recommendations with respect to the drafting and adoption of a code of ethics, or
amendments thereto, upon the request of the City Council.
(F) The Board of Ethics shall adopt rules governing the conduct of adjudicatory
proceedings and appeals relating to the assessment of the civil penalties authorized by
law. Assessment of a civil penalty shall be final unless modified, suspended or vacated
within thirty (30) days of imposition and upon becoming final shall be subject to review
at the instance of the affected reporting individual in a proceeding commenced against
the appropriate body pursuant to article seventy-eight of the civil practice law and rules.
§ 48 - 19. Disclosure of Financial Status.
Pursuant to Article 18 of the New York State General Municipal Law, the City of
Schenectady hereby adopts the following financial disclosure policy:
(1) The Mayor of the City of Schenectady shall file with the City Clerk, on or before
January 1 of each year, a list of the names or the office, title or job classification of those
officers and employees who shall be required to file the annual financial disclosure
statement.
(2) Time of filing. All financial statements shall be filed on or before April 30 of every
year following enactment of this subsection during the term of the city official's office.
The time for filing such statement may be extended pursuant to the Board of Ethics, for
justifiable cause and for undue hardship upon application to the Board of Ethics pursuant
to the rules and regulation set forth in the law.
(3) Place and manner of filing. Financial disclosure statements are to be completed and
filed with the Schenectady City Clerk. Said statements shall be confidential and shall be
made accessible to the general public and to other members of the city officers and
employees and City Council, by formal Freedom of Information Law request through the
City Clerk's office.
(4) The Board of Ethics shall have all necessary authority to enforce the filing
requirements of this chapter, including the authority to promulgate such rules and
regulations as the Board of Ethics determines are necessary to implement this chapter.
The board of Ethics shall be authorized to review requests for exceptions with respect to
9
complying with timely filing of such disclosure statements due to justifiable cause or
undue hardship. The Board of Ethics shall inspect all financial disclosure statements
filed with the Board of Ethics to ascertain whether any person subject to the reporting
requirements of this chapter, a Code of Ethics, local law, ordinance or resolution has
failed to file such a statement, has filed a deficient statement or has filed a statement
which reveals a possible violation of the law.
(5) Failure to file a timely disclosure: If a person required to file a financial disclosure
statement with the Board of Ethics has failed to file a disclosure statement or has filed a
deficient statement, the Board of Ethics shall notify the reporting person in writing, state
the failure to file or detail the deficiency, provide the person with a fifteen-day period to
cure the deficiency and advise the person of the penalties for failure to comply with the
reporting requirements. If the person fails to make such filing or fails to cure the
deficiency within the specified time period, the Board of Ethics shall send a notice of
delinquency to the reporting person and to the appointing authority for such person.
(6) Opportunity to be heard: If a reporting person has filed a statement which reveals a
possible violation of a duly adopted Code of Ethics of the City of Schenectady, local law,
ordinance or resolution or if the Board of Ethics receives a sworn complaint alleging such
a violation or if the Board of Ethics determines on its own initiative to investigate a
possible violation, the Board of Ethics shall notify the reporting person in writing,
describe the possible or alleged violation of such Code of Ethics, local law, ordinance or
resolution or of this chapter and provide the person with a fifteen-day period in which to
submit a written response setting forth information relating to the activities cited as a
possible or alleged violation of law. If the Board of Ethics thereafter makes a
determination that further inquiry is justified, it shall give the reporting person an
opportunity to be heard. The Board shall also inform the reporting individual of its rules
regarding the conduct of adjudicatory proceedings and appeals and the due process
procedural mechanisms available to such individual.
(a) If the Board determines at any stage of the proceeding that there is no violation or that
any potential conflict of interest violation has been rectified, it shall so advise the
reporting person and the complainant, if any. All of the foregoing proceedings shall be
confidential.
(b) If the Board determines that there is reasonable cause to believe that a violation has
occurred, it shall send a notice of reasonable cause to the reporting person, to the
complainant, if any, and to the City Council of the City of Schenectady.
§ 48 - 20. Enforcement and Penalties.
(A) Any municipal officer or employee who violates this code may be censured, fined,
suspended or removed from office or employment in the manner provided by law.
(B) A reporting individual who knowingly and willfully fails to file an annual statement
of financial disclosure or who knowingly and willfully with intent to deceive makes a
false statement or gives information which such individual knows to be false on such
statement of financial disclosure filed pursuant to this section shall be assessed a civil
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penalty in an amount not to exceed ten thousand dollars ($10,000.00). Assessment of a
civil penalty hereunder shall be made by the Board of Ethics.
(C) For a violation of this chapter, the board of ethics of the political subdivision or other
municipality may, in lieu of a civil penalty, refer a violation to the appropriate prosecutor
and upon such conviction, but only after such referral, such violation shall be punishable
as a class A misdemeanor. This excludes conduct which constitutes a violation of
subdivision twelve of section seventy-three of the Public Officers Law.
(D) A civil penalty for false filing may not be imposed hereunder in the event a category
of "value" or "amount" reported hereunder is incorrect unless such reported information
is falsely understated.
(E) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, no other penalty, civil or
criminal may be imposed for a failure to file, or for a false filing, of such statement,
except that the appointing authority may impose disciplinary action as otherwise
provided by law.
§ 48 - 21. Posting and Distribution.
(a) The Mayor must promptly cause a copy of this code, and a copy of any amendment to
this code, to be posted publicly and conspicuously in each building under the
municipality’s control. The code must be posted within ten (10) days following the date
on which the code takes effect. Any amendment to the code must be posted within ten
(10) days following the date on which the amendment takes effect.
(b) The Mayor must promptly cause a copy of this code, including any amendments to
the code, to be distributed to every person who is or becomes an officer and employee of
the City of Schenectady.
(c) Every municipal officer or employee who receives a copy of this code or an
amendment to the code must acknowledge such receipt in writing. Such
acknowledgments must be filed with the clerk of the municipality who must maintain
such acknowledgments as a public record.
(d) The failure to post this code or an amendment to the code does not affect either the
applicability or enforceability of the code or the amendment. The failure of a municipal
officer or employee to receive a copy of this code of ethics or an amendment to the code,
or to acknowledge receipt thereof in writing, does not affect either the applicability or
enforceability of the code or amendment to the code.
§ 48 - 22. WHISTLEBLOWER PROTECTION
The City of Schenectady hereby recognizes the prohibition against retaliatory personnel
action provided in Article 20-C of the New York State Labor Law and shall enforce the
provisions of the law.
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§ 48 - 23. Effective date.
This code takes effect immediately.
Approved as to form this
26th day of March, 2012.
____________________________
John R. Polster, Esq.
Corporation Counsel
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CITY COUNCIL
SCHENECTADY, NEW YORK
RESOLUTION NO.
Councilmember offered the following:
A RESOLUTION Authorizing the City Council to Adopt a Bond
Ordinance.
EXTRACT OF MINUTES OF MEETING OF THE CITY
COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF SCHENECTADY ADOPTING A
BOND ORDINANCE
At a meeting of the City Council of the City of Schenectady, New York, duly held in
Schenectady, New York on the 26th day of March, 2012.
Present:
Absent:
Also Present:
ORDINANCE NO. 2012-__
BOND ORDINANCE, DATED MARCH 26, 2012 AUTHORIZING THE
ISSUANCE OF $2,815,000 AGGREGATE PRINCIPAL AMOUNT
SERIAL BONDS OF THE CITY OF SCHENECTADY, NEW YORK,
PURSUANT TO THE LOCAL FINANCE LAW TO FINANCE THE
RECONSTRUCTION OF STORMWATER AND WASTEWATER
INFRASTRUCTURE.
5855729.1
WHEREAS, the City Council of the City of Schenectady (the “City Council” and the “City”,
respectively), hereby determines that it is in the public interest of the City to authorize the financing
of the reconstruction of stormwater and wastewater infrastructure and related incidental costs at a
total estimated cost of $2,815,000, and
WHEREAS, the City Council has not taken any action or adopted any local law which would
require the effectiveness of this bond ordinance be subjected to a permissive or mandatory
referendum,
NOW THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED BY THIS COUNCIL AS FOLLOWS:
Section 1. There is hereby authorized to be issued serial bonds of the City, in the State of
New York (the “State”), in the aggregate principal amount of $2,815,000 pursuant to the Local
Finance Law, in order to finance the classes of objects or purposes, or specific objects or purposes,
including costs of issuance, hereinafter described.
Section 2. The classes of objects or purposes, or specific objects or purposes (the “Project”),
to be financed pursuant to this bond ordinance, the estimated maximum cost of such object or
purpose, the principal amount of serial bonds authorized herein for such object or purpose, and the
period of probable usefulness of such object or purpose pursuant to the applicable subdivision of
paragraph a of Section 11.00 of the Local Finance Law, is as follows: reconstruction of stormwater
and wastewater infrastructure, including the acquisition of original furnishings, equipment,
machinery or apparatus and related incidental costs, at an estimated cost of $2,815,000, such class of
objects or purposes having a period of probable usefulness of forty (40) years pursuant to
subdivision 4 of paragraph a of Section 11.00 of the Local Finance Law.
Such serial bonds shall have a maximum maturity of not to exceed forty (40) years computed
from the earlier of (a) the date of the first issue of such serial bonds or (b) the date the first bond
anticipation notes issued in anticipation of the issuance of such serial bonds;
Section 3. The City Council has ascertained and hereby states that (a) the estimated
maximum cost of the class of objects or purposes or specific objects or purposes listed in Section 2
above is $2,815,000, (b) no money has heretofore been authorized to be applied to the payment of
the costs of such objects or purposes, and (c) the City Council plans to finance the costs of such
objects or purposes from funds raised by the issuance of obligations authorized herein to
permanently finance such objects or purposes and, to the extent they become available, proceeds of
grants from the New York State Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Services and
Federal Emergency Management Agency, and proceeds of any applicable insurance policies. The
City Council hereby authorizes the City to finance the cost of the Project through the sale of
obligations authorized hereunder to the New York State Environmental Facilities Corporation
(“EFC”) through its Hurricane Emergency Loan Program (“HELP”) and/or any other program
administered by EFC for which the City and the Project qualify for funding (the “Other EFC
Programs”).
Section 4. Subject to the terms and conditions of this bond ordinance and the Local Finance
Law, and pursuant to the provisions of Sections 21.00, 30.00, 50.00 and 56.00 to 60.00, inclusive, of
5855729.1
the Local Finance Law, the power to authorize bond anticipation notes in anticipation of the issuance
of the serial bonds authorized by this bond ordinance and the renewal of such bond anticipation
notes and the power to prescribe the terms, form and contents of such serial bonds and such bond
anticipation notes, including renewals thereof, and the power to issue, sell and deliver such serial
bonds and such bond anticipation notes, including renewals thereof, is hereby delegated to the
Director of Finance of the City, as chief fiscal officer of the City. Such power shall include the
power to consolidate the obligations authorized herein with other obligations of the City and to
authorize the use of substantially level or declining debt service in accordance with the provisions of
Section 21 of the Local Finance Law. The Director of Finance is hereby authorized to execute on
behalf of the City all serial bonds, issued pursuant to this bond ordinance and all bond anticipation
notes, including renewals thereof, issued in anticipation of the issuance of such serial bonds, and any
documentation required in connection with HELP and any Other EFC Program, and the City Clerk
is hereby authorized to affix the seal of the City to all such serial bonds and all such bond
anticipation notes, including renewals thereof, and to attest such seal. In the absence of the Director
of Finance, the Deputy Director of Finance is hereby authorized to exercise the powers delegated to
the Director of Finance by this Ordinance.
Section 5. This Bond Ordinance shall constitute the declaration of the City’s “official intent”
to reimburse expenditures with proceeds of the Bonds and notes, as required by United States
Treasury Regulation Section 1.150-2. Except as otherwise permitted by United States Treasury
Regulation Section 1.150-2, the City will not use proceeds of the Bonds or notes to reimburse itself
for prior expenditures for the Purpose unless: (1) the original expenditure was made not more than
60 days prior to the adoption of this Bond Ordinance, (2) the reimbursement will be made within
three years after the later of the date the original expenditure was paid or the date the Purpose is
placed in service or abandoned.
Section 6. When this bond ordinance takes effect, the City Clerk of the City shall cause the
same to be published together with a notice in substantially the form prescribed by Section 81.00 of
the Local Finance Law in The Daily Gazette, a newspaper having a general circulation in the City.
The validity of the bonds authorized by this bond ordinance and of bond anticipation notes issued in
anticipation of the sale of such bonds may be contested only if such obligations are authorized for an
object or purpose for which the City is not authorized to expend money, or the provisions of law
which should be complied with at the date of the publication of this bond ordinance are not
substantially complied with, and an action, suit or proceeding contesting such validity is commenced
within twenty (20) days after the date of such publication, or such obligations are authorized in
violation of the provisions of the Constitution of the State of New York.
Section 7. The faith and credit of the City are hereby and shall be irrevocably pledged for the
punctual payment of the principal of and interest on all obligations authorized and issued pursuant to
this bond ordinance as the same shall become due.
Section 8. The City intends to issue the obligations authorized by this bond ordinance to
finance the costs of the purposes described in Section 2 hereof. The City covenants for the benefit of
the holders of the obligations authorized herein that it will not make any use of the proceeds of such
obligations, any funds reasonably expected to be used to pay the principal of or interest on such
obligations, or any other funds of the City, and will not make any use of the facilities financed with
5855729.1
the proceeds of such obligations which would cause the interest on such obligations to become
subject to federal income taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the
“Code”) (except, to the extent applicable, for the alternative minimum tax imposed on corporations
by section 55 of the Code) or subject the City to any penalties under section 148 of the Code, and
that it will not take any action or omit to take any action with respect to such obligations, the
proceeds thereof or any facilities financed thereby if such action or omission would cause the
interest on such obligations to become subject to federal income taxation under the Code (except, to
the extent applicable, for the alternative minimum tax imposed on corporations by section 55 of the
Code) or subject the City to any penalties under Section 148 of the Code. The foregoing covenants
shall remain in full force and effect notwithstanding the defeasance of such obligations until the date
which is 60 days after the final maturity date or earlier prior redemption date thereof.
Section 9. For the benefit of the holders and beneficial owners from time to time of the
obligations authorized pursuant to this ordinance (the “obligations”), the City agrees, in accordance
with and as an obligated person with respect to the obligations, under Rule 15c2-12 promulgated by
the Securities Exchange Commission pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Rule”),
to provide or cause to be provided such financial information and operating data, financial
statements and notices, in such manner, as may be required for purposes of the Rule.
Section 10. This bond ordinance shall take effect immediately upon its adoption by the City
Council of the City.
AYES NAYS ABSENT
5855729.1
STATE OF NEW YORK )
) SS.:
COUNTY OF SCHENECTADY )
I, the undersigned Clerk of the City of Schenectady, do hereby certify as follows:
1. A Regular Meeting of the City Council of the City of Schenectady, State of New
York, was duly held on March 26th, 2012, and Minutes of said meeting have been duly recorded in
the Minute Book kept by me in accordance with law for the purpose of recording the Minutes of
meetings of said Council. I have compared the attached Extract with said Minutes so recorded and
said Extract is a true copy of said Minutes and of the whole thereof insofar as said Minutes relate to
matters referred to in said Extract.
2. Said Minutes correctly state the time when said meeting was convened and the place
where such meeting was held and the members of said Council who attended said meeting.
3. Public Notice of the time and place of said meeting was duly given to the public and
the news media in accordance with the Open Meetings Law, constituting Chapter 511 of the Laws of
1976 of the State of New York, and that the members of said Council had due notice of said meeting
and that the meeting was in all respects duly held and a quorum was present and acted throughout.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and have hereunto affixed the
corporate seal of the City of Schenectady this ____ day of March, 2012.
____________________________________
City Clerk
[SEAL]
5855729.1
LEGAL NOTICE
The bond ordinance published herewith has been adopted on the 26th day of March, 2012,
and the validity of the obligations authorized by such ordinance may be hereafter contested only if
such obligations were authorized for an object or purpose for which the City of Schenectady is not
authorized to expend money or if the provisions of law which should have been complied with as of
the date of publication of this notice were not substantially complied with, and an action, suit or
proceeding contesting such validity is commenced within twenty (20) days after the date of
publication of this notice, or such obligations were authorized in violation of the provisions of the
constitution.
Eileen Versaci
City Clerk
BOND ORDINANCE, DATED MARCH 26, 2012 AUTHORIZING THE
ISSUANCE OF $2,815,000 AGGREGATE PRINCIPAL AMOUNT
SERIAL BONDS OF THE CITY OF SCHENECTADY, NEW YORK,
PURSUANT TO THE LOCAL FINANCE LAW TO FINANCE THE
RECONSTRUCTION OF STORMWATER AND WASTEWATER
INFRASTRUCTURE.
WHEREAS, the City Council of the City of Schenectady (the “City Council” and the “City”,
respectively), hereby determines that it is in the public interest of the City to authorize the financing
of the reconstruction of stormwater and wastewater infrastructure and related incidental costs at a
total estimated cost of $2,815,000, and
WHEREAS, the City Council has not taken any action or adopted any local law which would
require the effectiveness of this bond ordinance be subjected to a permissive or mandatory
referendum,
NOW THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED BY THIS COUNCIL AS FOLLOWS:
Section 1. There is hereby authorized to be issued serial bonds of the City, in the State of
New York (the “State”), in the aggregate principal amount of $2,815,000 pursuant to the Local
Finance Law, in order to finance the classes of objects or purposes, or specific objects or purposes,
including costs of issuance, hereinafter described.
Section 2. The classes of objects or purposes, or specific objects or purposes (the “Project”),
to be financed pursuant to this bond ordinance, the estimated maximum cost of such object or
purpose, the principal amount of serial bonds authorized herein for such object or purpose, and the
period of probable usefulness of such object or purpose pursuant to the applicable subdivision of
paragraph a of Section 11.00 of the Local Finance Law, is as follows: reconstruction of stormwater
and wastewater infrastructure, including the acquisition of original furnishings, equipment,
machinery or apparatus and related incidental costs, at an estimated cost of $2,815,000, such class of
objects or purposes having a period of probable usefulness of forty (40) years pursuant to
subdivision 4 of paragraph a of Section 11.00 of the Local Finance Law.
5855729.1
Such serial bonds shall have a maximum maturity of not to exceed forty (40) years computed
from the earlier of (a) the date of the first issue of such serial bonds or (b) the date the first bond
anticipation notes issued in anticipation of the issuance of such serial bonds;
Section 3. The City Council has ascertained and hereby states that (a) the estimated
maximum cost of the class of objects or purposes or specific objects or purposes listed in Section 2
above is $2,815,000, (b) no money has heretofore been authorized to be applied to the payment of
the costs of such objects or purposes, and (c) the City Council plans to finance the costs of such
objects or purposes from funds raised by the issuance of obligations authorized herein to
permanently finance such objects or purposes and, to the extent they become available, proceeds of
grants from the New York State Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Services and
Federal Emergency Management Agency, and proceeds of any applicable insurance policies. The
City Council hereby authorizes the City to finance the cost of the Project through the sale of
obligations authorized hereunder to the New York State Environmental Facilities Corporation
(“EFC”) through its Hurricane Emergency Loan Program (“HELP”) and/or any other program
administered by EFC for which the City and the Project qualify for funding (the “Other EFC
Programs”).
Section 4. Subject to the terms and conditions of this bond ordinance and the Local Finance
Law, and pursuant to the provisions of Sections 21.00, 30.00, 50.00 and 56.00 to 60.00, inclusive, of
the Local Finance Law, the power to authorize bond anticipation notes in anticipation of the issuance
of the serial bonds authorized by this bond ordinance and the renewal of such bond anticipation
notes and the power to prescribe the terms, form and contents of such serial bonds and such bond
anticipation notes, including renewals thereof, and the power to issue, sell and deliver such serial
bonds and such bond anticipation notes, including renewals thereof, is hereby delegated to the
Director of Finance of the City, as chief fiscal officer of the City. Such power shall include the
power to consolidate the obligations authorized herein with other obligations of the City and to
authorize the use of substantially level or declining debt service in accordance with the provisions of
Section 21 of the Local Finance Law. The Director of Finance is hereby authorized to execute on
behalf of the City all serial bonds, issued pursuant to this bond ordinance and all bond anticipation
notes, including renewals thereof, issued in anticipation of the issuance of such serial bonds, and any
documentation required in connection with HELP and any Other EFC Program, and the City Clerk
is hereby authorized to affix the seal of the City to all such serial bonds and all such bond
anticipation notes, including renewals thereof, and to attest such seal. In the absence of the Director
of Finance, the Deputy Director of Finance is hereby authorized to exercise the powers delegated to
the Director of Finance by this Ordinance.
Section 5. This Bond Ordinance shall constitute the declaration of the City’s “official intent”
to reimburse expenditures with proceeds of the Bonds and notes, as required by United States
Treasury Regulation Section 1.150-2. Except as otherwise permitted by United States Treasury
Regulation Section 1.150-2, the City will not use proceeds of the Bonds or notes to reimburse itself
for prior expenditures for the Purpose unless: (1) the original expenditure was made not more than
60 days prior to the adoption of this Bond Ordinance, (2) the reimbursement will be made within
three years after the later of the date the original expenditure was paid or the date the Purpose is
placed in service or abandoned.
5855729.1
Section 6. When this bond ordinance takes effect, the City Clerk of the City shall cause the
same to be published together with a notice in substantially the form prescribed by Section 81.00 of
the Local Finance Law in The Daily Gazette, a newspaper having a general circulation in the City.
The validity of the bonds authorized by this bond ordinance and of bond anticipation notes issued in
anticipation of the sale of such bonds may be contested only if such obligations are authorized for an
object or purpose for which the City is not authorized to expend money, or the provisions of law
which should be complied with at the date of the publication of this bond ordinance are not
substantially complied with, and an action, suit or proceeding contesting such validity is commenced
within twenty (20) days after the date of such publication, or such obligations are authorized in
violation of the provisions of the Constitution of the State of New York.
Section 7. The faith and credit of the City are hereby and shall be irrevocably pledged for the
punctual payment of the principal of and interest on all obligations authorized and issued pursuant to
this bond ordinance as the same shall become due.
Section 8. The City intends to issue the obligations authorized by this bond ordinance to
finance the costs of the purposes described in Section 2 hereof. The City covenants for the benefit of
the holders of the obligations authorized herein that it will not make any use of the proceeds of such
obligations, any funds reasonably expected to be used to pay the principal of or interest on such
obligations, or any other funds of the City, and will not make any use of the facilities financed with
the proceeds of such obligations which would cause the interest on such obligations to become
subject to federal income taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the
“Code”) (except, to the extent applicable, for the alternative minimum tax imposed on corporations
by section 55 of the Code) or subject the City to any penalties under section 148 of the Code, and
that it will not take any action or omit to take any action with respect to such obligations, the
proceeds thereof or any facilities financed thereby if such action or omission would cause the
interest on such obligations to become subject to federal income taxation under the Code (except, to
the extent applicable, for the alternative minimum tax imposed on corporations by section 55 of the
Code) or subject the City to any penalties under Section 148 of the Code. The foregoing covenants
shall remain in full force and effect notwithstanding the defeasance of such obligations until the date
which is 60 days after the final maturity date or earlier prior redemption date thereof.
Section 9. For the benefit of the holders and beneficial owners from time to time of the
obligations authorized pursuant to this ordinance (the “obligations”), the City agrees, in accordance
with and as an obligated person with respect to the obligations, under Rule 15c2-12 promulgated by
the Securities Exchange Commission pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Rule”),
to provide or cause to be provided such financial information and operating data, financial
statements and notices, in such manner, as may be required for purposes of the Rule.
Section 10. This bond ordinance shall take effect immediately upon its adoption by the City
Council of the City.
Approved as to form this
26th day of March, 2012.
5855729.1
____________________________
John R. Polster, Esq.
CORPORATION COUNSEL
5855729.1
CITY COUNCIL
SCHENECTADY, NEW YORK
RESOLUTION NO.
Councilmember offered the following:
A Resolution Adopting a SEQRA Resolution in Relation to the
Reconstruction of Stormwater and Wastewater Infrastructure in
the City of Schenectady.
EXTRACT OF MINUTES OF MEETING OF THE CITY
COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF SCHENECTADY ADOPTING A
SEQRA RESOLUTION
At a meeting of the City Council of the City of Schenectady, New York, duly held in
Schenectady, New York on the 26th day of March, 2012.
Present:
Absent:
Also Present:
RESOLUTION CLASSIFYING THE ISSUANCE OF $2,815,000
AGGREGATE PRINCIPAL AMOUNT SERIAL BONDS OF THE CITY OF
SCHENECTADY, NEW YORK FOR THE RECONSTRUCTION OF
STORMWATER AND WASTEWATER INFRASTRUCTURE AS A TYPE II
ACTION PURSUANT TO THE STATE ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
REVIEW ACT
WHEREAS, the City Council of the City of Schenectady (the “City Council” and the “City”,
respectively), hereby determines that it is in the public interest of the City to authorize the financing
5872390.1
of the reconstruction of stormwater and wastewater infrastructure and related incidental costs at a
total estimated cost of $2,815,000, and
WHEREAS, the City Council has not taken any action or adopted any local law which would
require the effectiveness of this bond ordinance be subjected to a permissive or mandatory
referendum,
WHEREAS, pursuant to SEQRA, the City Council is required to make a determination with
respect to the environmental impact of any “action” (as defined by SEQRA) to be taken by the City
Council and the reconstruction of stormwater and wastewater infrastructure and related incidental
costs constitute such an action; and
WHEREAS, the City Council has examined and reviewed related project documents
prepared by its engineering consultant in order to classify the project and make a determination as to
the potential significance of the project pursuant to SEQRA; and
NOW, THEREFORE, be it resolved by the members of the City Council, as follows:
(1) Based upon an examination of the project, related documents, plans and
specifications prepared by the City’s engineering consultant concerning the project, additional
project-related materials prepared by the City, the criteria contained in 6 NYCRR §617.7(c), and
based further upon the City Council’s knowledge of the project areas, and such further investigation
of the project and its environmental effects as the City Council has deemed appropriate, the City
Council makes the following findings and determinations with respect to the project pursuant to
SEQRA:
(a) The project consists of the repair, replacement, rehabilitation and/or
reconstruction of stormwater and wastewater infrastructure in the City, which work is classified as a
“Type II Action” under SEQRA (as said quoted term is defined in SEQRA);
(b) Based on its status as a Type II Action, the project is determined not to
have a significant impact on the environment and is precluded from further review under
SEQRA.
The question of the adoption of the foregoing resolution was duly put to vote on a roll call, which
resulted as follows:
AYE NAY
5872390.1
The foregoing resolution was thereupon declared duly adopted.
5872390.1
STATE OF NEW YORK )
) SS.:
COUNTY OF SCHENECTADY )
I, the undersigned Clerk of the City of Schenectady, do hereby certify as follows:
1. A Regular Meeting of the City Council of the City of Schenectady, State of New
York, was duly held on March 26th, 2012, and Minutes of said meeting have been duly recorded in
the Minute Book kept by me in accordance with law for the purpose of recording the Minutes of
meetings of said Council. I have compared the attached Extract with said Minutes so recorded and
said Extract is a true copy of said Minutes and of the whole thereof insofar as said Minutes relate to
matters referred to in said Extract.
2. Said Minutes correctly state the time when said meeting was convened and the place
where such meeting was held and the members of said Council who attended said meeting.
3. Public Notice of the time and place of said meeting was duly given to the public and
the news media in accordance with the Open Meetings Law, constituting Chapter 511 of the Laws of
1976 of the State of New York, and that the members of said Council had due notice of said meeting
and that the meeting was in all respects duly held and a quorum was present and acted throughout.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and have hereunto affixed the
corporate seal of the City of Schenectady this ____ day of March, 2012.
____________________________________
City Clerk
[SEAL]
Approved as to form this
26th day of March, 2012.
____________________________
John R. Polster, Esq.
CORPORATION COUNSEL
5872390.1
CITY COUNCIL
SCHENECTADY, NEW YORK
RESOLUTION NO.
Councilmember offered the following:
A Resolution Authorizing the City of Schenectady to Enter into an
Agreement with Capital District Community Gardens for the
Development and Management of a Community Garden in Steinmetz
Park.
WHEREAS, Capital District Community Gardens (CDCG) is a private nonprofit
organization that operates neighborhood food gardens throughout the Capital District
Region where families grow their own healthy food; and
WHEREAS, the City of Schenectady desires to encourage healthy living within the
community, and views a partnership with CDCG as an opportunity for families in the City
to supplement their food supply with fresh homegrown fruits and vegetables, thereby
providing for their basic food needs and improving their overall health and wellbeing;
NOW, THEREFORE BE IT
RESOLVED, that the City Council authorizes the Mayor to enter into an
agreement between the City of Schenectady and Capital District Community Gardens to
allow community gardens, with the terms thereof to be established by the Office of
Corporation Counsel.
Approved as to form this
26th day of March, 2012.
____________________________
John R. Polster, Esq.
CORPORATION COUNSEL
CITY COUNCIL
SCHENECTADY, NEW YORK
RESOLUTION NO.
Councilmember offered the following:
A Resolution Approving the 2012 Operating Agreement
for the Front Street Pool.
WHEREAS, the City owns a municipal swimming pool facility at 179 Front Street
in the City of Schenectady, commonly known as the “Front Street Pool;” and
WHEREAS, the City intends to assign operating responsibility for the Front Street
Pool to the YWCA NorthEastern NY, which agency has demonstrated its expertise in the
operation of the Front Street and other pool facilities; and
NOW, THEREFORE BE IT
RESOLVED, the Mayor or his designee, which designation shall be made in
writing and filed with the City Clerk, is authorized to execute agreements with YWCA
NorthEastern NY, providing for the operation of the Front Street Pool for the 2012 summer
season, the terms of the agreement to be approved by the Corporation Counsel, and
consistent with the agreement attached to this resolution and incorporated herein by
reference.
Approved as to form this
26th day of March, 2012.
____________________________
John R. Polster, Esq.
CORPORATION COUNSEL
CITY COUNCIL - SCHENECTADY, NEW YORK
RESOLUTION NO. ______________________
Councilmember offered the following:
A Resolution Designating the Month of March as
Women’s History Month in the City of Schenectady.
WHEREAS, women were among the first settlers of Schenectady in 1661, and since
then have contributed to the growth and strength of the City of Schenectady in countless
recorded and unrecorded ways; and
WHEREAS, women have played a critical economic, cultural and social role in every
sphere of life in the City of Schenectady by constituting a significant portion of the labor force
working inside and outside the home; and
WHEREAS, women were particularly important in the establishment of early charitable,
philanthropic, and cultural institutions in our City; and
WHEREAS, Schenectady women of every culture, class, and ethnic background have
been leaders, not only in securing their own rights of suffrage and equal opportunity, but also in
the abolitionist movement, the emancipation movement, the industrial labor movement, the civil
rights movement, the peace movement, and other movements which aim to create a more fair
and just society for all; and
WHEREAS, women are now shaping the future in all walks of life; a record number of
women are now serving on the Schenectady City Council; the number of women-owned
businesses in Schenectady continues to grow, as does the number of Schenectad


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